Heathrow airport is in the running to have a third runway and this would create a total of 70,000 new jobs.
There are conditions that would be put in place if Heathrow does become the airport to have a third runway, and these include a ban of all night time flights between 11:30pm and 6:00am, there would be no fourth runway in future and there would be legally binding caps on noise and air quality.
Heathrow holds the strongest case for delivering strategic and economic benefits, the commission said. The expansion plan would cost £17 billion and create 250,000 more flights per year, which would mean that it would provide a £150 billion boost in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over 60 years.
A decision needs to be made regarding whether the government will act on the recommendation made by the commission. The prime minister first established this in 2012 to examine the need for more airport capacity. Both Heathrow and Gatwick were shortlisted for a new runway.
The main concern with building a third runway at Heathrow is the noise and air pollution, which is why there would be a noise levy in place to compensate for the local communities. However, this would also mean demolishing 783 homes, which includes most of the neighbouring village of Harmondsworth.
Local people will not be left out of this decision, as there will be a community engagement board to make sure that everyone in the surrounding area can have their say.
It has been a long wait for this verdict, which started five years ago when the government cancelled plans for a new runway at Britain’s biggest airport. It is now expected to trigger a renewed political battle.